Energy intake from drink energy intake and foods are presented for men and women in summer and winter ( Desk 2 ) in order to identify differences between seasons and sex. Regarding differences between seasons drink energy intake was higher in summer (p < 0.001)>
Review of your energy intake off all of the supply, and additionally itemized while the energy from products and you may of dishes, time expense projected from physical working out and effort harmony to your full attempt (folk) throughout marry Hefei women the winter months and you will june and energy balance ranging from group.
Answers are showed because mean ± SD on the generally speaking delivered parameters so that as P50 (P25–P75) having skewed of these. p-Values derived from the independent t-take to towards normally marketed changeable and you may from the Guy-Whitney You-take to towards the skewed ones. a good means evaluations ranging from june and you will cold temperatures with the complete test (males and females together); b describes comparisons ranging from women and men in the winter season; c describes contrasting between women and men during the summer.
Seasons variations in take in opportunity intake was indeed noticed for sets of drinks, except juices. Like, milk/delicious chocolate dairy java/coffee beverages and you may SSDs lead a great deal more times when you look at the winter months. But not, during the summer alcohol lead highest energy than in winter ( Table step 3 ).
Desk step 3
Evaluation of energy consumption off categories of products to the full decide to try through the winter months and you will summer and anywhere between visitors.
Every details was showed given that P50 (P25–P75). p-Thinking derived from the Mann-Whitney U-decide to try toward skewed variables. a beneficial describes evaluations ranging from june and you will wintertime to your total shot (gents and ladies to one another); b means contrasting between males and females from inside the winter months; c makes reference to contrasting anywhere between people in summer.
The brand new contribution out of selected beverages so you’re able to complete energy consumption is juxtaposed on the contribution to intake of water ( Desk cuatro ). It appears that coffee, milk/chocolate milk and alcohol would be the main contributors to drink times intake into the cold temperatures plus in june, taking 79.5% and 69.5% from take in opportunity consumption when you look at the winter season as well as in june. Solid foods provided, within the cold weather and you can june, respectively, just as much as 78% and 74% off overall time consumption, if you are products twenty-two% and you will twenty-six%. This may be then assessed, given categories of products. Area of the contributors so you can energy consumption was indeed dairy/chocolates milk products, coffee/coffees products and alcohol provided, respectively, for the cold temperatures 30.6%, thirty-five.7% and you will a dozen.2% along with june 23.3%, twenty two.2% and 24% off take in times consumption. Juices, SSDs, tea/organic infusions, and milkshakes/sherbets discussed shorter time in order to every day consumption ( Dining table cuatro ).
Contribution out-of drinks overall intake of water (TWI), complete energy intake (TEI), take in intake of water (DWI) and you can take in times intake (DEI) throughout the winter and june.
A far more descriptive demonstration from use of “SSDs” can be of great interest as it suggests in detail the fresh new contribution of several products. Consumption of SSDs contains fresh fruit nectar which have glucose (32%), soft drinks which have glucose (63%) and effort/isotonic drinks (5%); consumption of ‘juices 100%’ contained good fresh fruit juice (50%), and you can of packaged juices 100% in place of glucose stuff (50%); the intake of ‘tea/herbal infusions’ contains tea (69%), or other organic infusions (31%), the intake of ‘milk/chocolates milk’ consisted of dairy (81%), delicious chocolate dairy (6%) and you will cocoa drink (13%); while the usage of ‘alcoholic drinks’ contained alcohol (43%), drink (46%) or other sort of alcoholic drinks (11%).
The correlation between the contribution of drinks to water intake and to energy in winter and summer was linear (Pearson’s r = 0.713, p < 0.001>